Ability of bacterial consortium Bacillus coagulans Bacilus licheniformis Bacillus pumilus Bacillus subtilis Nitrosomonas sp and Pseudomonas putida in bioremediation of waste water in cisirung waste water treatment plant

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "AgroLife Journal", Vol. 4 ISSUE 1
Written by Ratu SAFITRI, Bambang PRIADIE, Mia MIRANTI, Arum Widi ASTUTI

This study was conducted in order to determine the ability of bacterial consortium: Bacillus coagulans, Bacilus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus subtilis, Nitrosomonas sp., and Pseudomonas putida in bioremediation of wastewater origin Cisirung WWTP. This study uses an experimental method completely randomized design (CRD), which consists of two treatment factors (8x8 factorial design). The first factor is a consortium of bacteria (K), consisting of 8 level factors (k1, k2, k3, k4, k5, k6, k7, and k8). The second factor is the time (T), consisting of a 7 level factors (t0, t1, t2, t3, t4, t5, t6, and t7). Test parameters consist of BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand), COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand), TSS (Total Suspended Solid), Ammonia and Population of Microbes during bioremediation. Data were analyzed by ANOVA, followed by Duncan test. The results of this study showed that the consortium of Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus coagulans, Nitrosomonas sp., and Pseudomonas putida with inoculum concentration of 5% (k6) is a consortium of the most effective in reducing BOD 71.93%, 64.30% COD, TSS 94.85%, and 88.58% of ammonia.

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Ratu SAFITRI, Bambang PRIADIE, Mia MIRANTI, Arum Widi ASTUTI 2015, Ability of bacterial consortium: Bacillus coagulans, Bacilus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus subtilis, Nitrosomonas sp. and Pseudomonas putida in bioremediation of waste water in cisirung waste water treatment plant. Scientific Papers. Series "AgroLife Journal", Vol. 4 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2285-5718, 146-152.

ACREATING A MATHEMATICAL FLOOF AREA MODEL FOR NISTRU RIVER, MARAMUREŞ COUNTY

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1
Written by Elemer-Emanuel SUBA, Tudor SĂLĂGEAN, Dumitru ONOSE, Teodor RUSU, Silvia CHIOREAN, Florica MATEI, Ioana POP

This paper aims to determine the areas and the variations of hydrological and hydraulic modeling using modern software’s. As a case study for this paper I considered hydrologic and hydraulic modelling for Maramureş County for a watercourse, using HEC-RAS software. Although current software allows complex mathematical models, we should nevertheless consider the precision of imputed data, which most often affects the outcome. These errors must be identified and considered for a proper decision. It should be noted that no matter how well the work is executed, a hydro-technical project is not fully guaranteed, during its operation, due to major natural phenomenon that can degrade and cause hazards.

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SUBA E.E., SĂLĂGEAN T., ONOSE D., RUSU T., CHIOREAN S., MATEI F., POP I. 2017, ACREATING A MATHEMATICAL FLOOF AREA MODEL FOR NISTRU RIVER, MARAMUREŞ COUNTY. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 249-256.

AGRICULTURAL LAND-USE PLANNING AND THE ROLE OF THE STATE

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 1
Written by Milena MOTEVA

Agricultural land-use planning is a socio-economic process and a combination of technical and economic activities, which streamline and optimize land use according to the industrial, economic and social conditions and to the factors of the environment. By taking control on the agricultural land structure, the state plays a major role in solving problems of land tenure, use of the country’s agricultural potential and environmental protection. The goal of the paper is to reveal the need, objectives and tools of the state intervention in regulation of the agricultural land-use planning. In the paper, the history of regulation of land use and land use planning is traced. The peculiarities of the agricultural land-use planning and its state regulation in the countries under centrally planned economy are revealed. The essence and the objectives of the agricultural land-use planning under free-market economy are outlined. The need of state intervention and its complexity is analyzed and discussed. The major role of the state in the agricultural land-use planning is to ensure a fair territorial basis for implementation land tenure, for agribusiness development, for regulation of land market and land relations and for implementation of environmental protection measures.

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MOTEVA M. 2016, AGRICULTURAL LAND-USE PLANNING AND THE ROLE OF THE STATE. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 144-149.

AGROPHYSICS QUALITY ASSESSMENT AND SOIL MOISTURE BY APPLICATION CONSERVATIVE SYSTEM OF SOIL TILLAGE NO-TILL FROM VARIOUS AGROCOENOSES IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1
Written by Valentina ANDRIUCĂ, Olesea COJOCARU, Ion BACEAN, Nicolai CAZMALÎ, Emilian MOCANU, Rodica MELNIC, Lucia MACRII, Oxana POPA

Conservative agricultural system is a generic term utilized to define different modalities or agricultural management practices to land use in view sowing crops. The purpose of this paper is to agrophysics quality assessing and soil moisture by application of the conservative system of soil tillage No-till in Republic of Moldova. Conservation of soil tillage system offers more favorable conditions dense root system of plants (Aon et al., 2001; Barzegar et al., 2004) compared to hoes crops (maize). In this conservative system of work of carbonate chernozem (No-till) occurs water conservation under depth of 60 cm. According to planning for the year 2016 at the experimental resort Chetrosu were founded research polygons with conventional and conservative work of the soil - No-till within the stationary with crop rotation and permanent crop - maize. Crop rotation and research variants for the agricultural years 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 are presented in Table 1. Soil water reserves in the vegetation active phases of the autumn wheat were lower in compacted layers compared to the adjacent horizons (Boincean, 2013; Rusu et al., 2013). To moisture available to plants (17-20%) compared to 12-13% of withering coefficient, soil moisture and penetration resistance negatively correlated (r = 0.6-0.7).

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ANDRIUCĂ V., COJOCARU O., BACEAN I., CAZMALÎ N., MOCANU E., MELNIC R., MACRII L., POPA O. 2017, AGROPHYSICS QUALITY ASSESSMENT AND SOIL MOISTURE BY APPLICATION CONSERVATIVE SYSTEM OF SOIL TILLAGE NO-TILL FROM VARIOUS AGROCOENOSES IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 14-18.

Analysis of water balance for determine cropping patterns for food crops in watershed Karangmumus - the province of east Kalimantan

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 3, Number 2
Written by Akas Pinaringan SUJALU, Ismail, Sigit HARDWINARTO, Chandradewana BOER, Sumaryono

The experiment objectives was to determine cropping patterns of food crop in watershed Karangmumus. The geographical position 116 49' EL - 117 08' EL dan 0 34' SL - 0 45' SL, with extent of the 644.2 km2 whereas covers 8 village or 38.58% of total Samarinda City. Have the Area Class III (1500 – 2000 mm/ year, with the Bimodel or Double Wave rainfall models with C patern. The hight rainfall depth periode at December and April, therefore the low rainfall depth at September and November. Have a value Q=± 9.9%, or rainfall tipe A (very wet area with tropical wet vegetation) and E1 agroclimtic zone. Modified method of Thornthwaite and Mather of bookkeeping system of water balance was used based on monthly data. Water Balance monthly indicated that this area have potential growing season about 9 months, have to water surplus 7 month (478.8 mm year-1) and water deficits about 4 months (44.5 mm/year). In these area rice could be planted twice a year without irrigation. Futher for non-irrigation land with monthly high rainfall, the result showed that the area had potency of growing periods of 182 days through the year. Planting dates might be started from October 1 until December 1, with sequence of rice-rice or rice-rice-other food crops

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Akas Pinaringan SUJALU, Ismail, Sigit HARDWINARTO, Chandradewana BOER, Sumaryono 2014, Analysis of water balance for determine cropping patterns for food crops in watershed Karangmumus - the province of east Kalimantan. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 3, Number 2, ISSN 2285-5718, 69-73.

ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF Laetiporus sulphurous (Bull.) Murrill

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 1
Written by Gabriela POPA, Calina Petruta CORNEA, Gabriela LUTA, Evelina GHERGHINA, Florentina ISRAEL-ROMING, Corina BUBUEANU, Radu TOMA

Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.) Murrill is an edible wood-rotting Basidiomycete widely consumed as a nutritional food. These mushrooms were found to be medically active in some therapies, such as: antimicrobial, antitumor, antiviral, and immunomodulating treatments. In this work, antioxidant and antimicrobial potentials of L. sulphureus alcoholic extracts from dried fruiting bodies, dried mycelia broth and mycelia-free broth submerged cultures were investigated. For determination of potential antioxidant activity of thedried fruiting bodies and mycelia-free broth methanol extracts, the total phenols amount and scavenging capacity on 2.2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals have been analyzed. The results showed that the highest total phenols amount (283.9 mg GAE/100g) was found in fruiting bodies extract. Radical scavenging activity was found higher for fruiting bodies extract (EC50=35.45 mg/ml) followed by mycelia-free broth extract (EC50=46.67 mg/ml). The antimicrobial effects of the ethanol extracts were analyzed against Candida albicans ATCC10321, Candida parapsilopsis CBS604, Escherichia coli ATCC8739, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC6538, Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC12228. Two extracts presented a wide antimicrobial spectrum and were active against both yeast and bacteria tested: fruit bodies extract and dried biomass extract.

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POPA G., CORNEA C.P., LUTA G., GHERGHINA E., ISRAEL-ROMING F., BUBUEANU C., TOMA R. 2016, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF Laetiporus sulphurous (Bull.) Murrill. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 168-173.

ANTIOXIDATIVE PROPERTIES OF Plantago lanceolata L. EXTRACTS EVALUATED BY CHEMILUMINESCENCE METHOD

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 2
Written by Cornelia NICHITA, Georgeta NEAGU, Ana CUCU, Virginia VULTURESCU, Șerban Vifor Gabriel BERTEŞTEANU

Plantago lanceolata L. is used as astringent, anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory, antispasmodic, expectorant, emollient, topical anodyne, antibacterial for cuts, bruises and abscesses. These pharmacological properties are due to its complex chemical composition: iridoid glycosides, polysaccharides (plantaglucide, glucomannon), terpenoids, coumarins, lignans, caffeic acid derivatives, polysaccharides, flavonoids, flavone glycosides and other constituents, like allantoin. In this paper, antioxidant activity, qualitative and quantitative determination of some active components (flavonoids, polyphenols, and polyphenols carboxylic acids) are evaluated, taking into account the biological properties. Antioxidant properties were evaluated by chemiluminescence (CL) technique in system generator based at 5-amino-2.3-dihydrophthalazine-1.4-dione and hydrogen peroxide, in alkaline medium and DPPH (2.2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) method. The total flavonoids, polyphenols content and polyphenol carboxylic acids was spectrophotometrically determined according to Romanian Pharmacopoeia (FR). In addition, the qualitative biochemical fingerprint was investigated by mass spectrometry LC-ESI-MS. The mass spectral data and amount of active components (flavonoids, polyphenols, polyphenols carboxylic acids) demonstrated the chemical structural complexity. The results of the chemiluminescence in vitro tests revealed that the Plantago lanceolata L. extracts exhibit high antioxidant activity (84-96%), being in accordance with the value provided by DPPH free radical scavenging assay. Also is established a dependence directly proportional to the content of polyphenolic compounds found in herbal extracts with level of antioxidant activity.

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NICHITA C., NEAGU G., CUCU A., VULTURESCU V., BERTEŞTEANU S.V.G. 2016, ANTIOXIDATIVE PROPERTIES OF Plantago lanceolata L. EXTRACTS EVALUATED BY CHEMILUMINESCENCE METHOD. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 2, ISSN 2285-5718, 95-102.

Application of usability concepts in wine marketing a multidisciplinary review

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "AgroLife Journal", Vol. 4 ISSUE 1
Written by Catalina CHIVU-DRAGHIA, Arina Oana ANTOCE

Various studies have shown that the wine consumption decline in young generation could be influenced by the perception of wine as intimidating and difficult to understand, and by the lack of adaptability of the product’s communication strategy and packaging design to their lifestyle. Information available on the packaging is often complex and confusing for novice wine consumers and sometimes even irrelevant in regards to the intrinsic characteristics of the product. Furthermore, wine is seen by young adult consumers as old fashion, formal and mostly not associated with their relaxed attitude and “on the move” lifestyle. The objective of this paper is to analyse the usability key principles and heuristic and their applicability in wine marketing as a mean to improve the perception and increase understanding of wine for the young and/or novice consumers. The paper aims to review the existing knowledge and findings about the concept of usability (with special emphasis on Usability Engineering and Human Computer Interaction (HCI)), in order to explore the aspects applicable in wine marketing. The usability concept proves useful in wine marketing to simplify the decision process, to make the meeting with the product less intimidating and more engaging, and to decrease the risk perception for the inexperienced wine consumers.

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Catalina CHIVU-DRAGHIA, Arina Oana ANTOCE 2015, Application of usability concepts in wine marketing: a multidisciplinary review. Scientific Papers. Series "AgroLife Journal", Vol. 4 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2285-5718, 32-45.

AQUIFER VULNERABILITY MAPPING AND ASSOCIATED SPATIAL UNCERTAINTY

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1
Written by Leticia ALONSO, Maria Teresa ALBUQUERQUE, Roberto MARTÍNEZ-ALEGRÍA, Isabel Margarida ANTUNES, Javier TABOADA

Quantitative estimation of water resources is indispensable when it comes to getting the sustainability of aquifers through planning. This becomes an essential aspect in areas whose primary economic activity is agriculture, in which ensure the availability of water means ensuring the sustainability of the societal and economic systems. This is the example of the Cuellar Moor karstic aquifer, located in the international Duero watershed, in which more than 80% of its surface is aimed to agricultural use. The main goal of this research is the introduction of a new vulnerability index, which gathers together the hydrogeological covariates and the spatial uncertainty associated with the estimation of groundwater level and nitrate concentration. An optimized monitoring network to piezometric level and nitrate concentration control is required, as well as, to determine the vulnerability associated with pumping wells.

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ALONSO L., ALBUQUERQUE M.T., MARTÍNEZ-ALEGRÍA R., ANTUNES I.M., TABOADA J. 2017, AQUIFER VULNERABILITY MAPPING AND ASSOCIATED SPATIAL UNCERTAINTY. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 9-13.

ASPECTS CONCERNING THE MONITORING OF THE QUALITATIVE PARAMETERS OF GROUNDWATERS FROM BALESTI - TAMASESTI AREA, GORJ COUNTY, ROMANIA - A NITRATE VULNERABLE ZONE

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 2
Written by Daniela POPA, Cristina PRUNIȘOARĂ (ȘCHIOPU), Constantin CÂRLAN

This paper tries to present the concentration dynamic of the principal quality indicators of the groundwater from Balesti-Tamasesti perimeter, Gorj County, in the last 45 years, in a special geographical area - with groundwater very closed to the land surface, making them very vulnerable to anthropic pollution, the area being declared under common Order of MESD and MARD no 1.552/03.12.2008/743/12.12.2008 as an area included on the list of localities with nitrates sources from agricultural activities. The characterization of the groundwater quality from the studied perimeter was based on the physico-chemical analysis bulletins of hydro geological drillings from the national network of groundwater monitoring, from their execution (period 1970-1974), from these in the studied perimeter being part the hydro geological stations, as well as the citizens wells (2013-2015); the monitored wells have been chosen on the flow direction of groundwaters established by original hydro geologic map and hydro geologic section, elaborated through Sub Carpathian hillock depression. According to the report on the implementation of the Nitrates Directive published by the European Commission, Southern Romania is among the areas in the EU where groundwater contain elevated levels of nitrates, due to use of chemical fertilizers and organic nitrates, as a major source of water pollution. In all 27 Member States is a decrease in the quantities of nitrate in water, so that the implementation of legislation designed to prevent pollution of land and water with nitrates from agriculture became a success. Following the conducted monitoring in Gorj area - Romania, we observed a significant appreciation of quality indicators of groundwater, sowe could recommend implementation of measures to protect and continuing rehabilitating groundwater quality in Baleşti by building some sewage-evacuation-disposal plants, because the quality of groundwater here could return to further nitrogen compound concentration values existing in the natural background of groundwater.

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POPA D., PRUNIȘOARĂ (ȘCHIOPU) C., CÂRLAN C. 2016, ASPECTS CONCERNING THE MONITORING OF THE QUALITATIVE PARAMETERS OF GROUNDWATERS FROM BALESTI - TAMASESTI AREA, GORJ COUNTY, ROMANIA - A NITRATE VULNERABLE ZONE. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 2, ISSN 2285-5718, 119-124.


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