SUITABILITY FOR URBAN AGRICULTURE AND PERMACULTURE OF SOME BIOTYPES AND NEW VARIETIES OF SPECIES WITH SANOGENE CHARACTERISTICS AND QUALITIES
Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 3, Number 1
Written by Viorica BĂLAN, Valerica TUDOR, Oana MENCINICOPSCHI, Carmen MANOLE, Ecaterina ȘTEFAN
According to the FAO statistics and reports (2013) in the next 30 years the world's urban population will double and more than 60% of it will live in cities. Appropriate measures will be needed to ensure food and one of the key measures that address these changes is the development of policies, strategies, techniques and appropriate support mechanisms for sustainable management system for urban agriculture/horticulture, including permaculture.In this context, it was realized multidisciplinary research at UASVM of Bucharest and based on the results obtained were recommended varieties Deea, Elita 124 and Roxia from the species Ribes nigrum L. (black currant), Rolan, Jh. Van Tets from the species Ribes rubrum L. (red currant), V2 biotype from species Lycium barbarum L. (wolfberry) and Rares, Valeria, Carmela, Viorica, Bucovina, Ilinca from species Prunus armeniaca L. (apricot) that can be grown in urban and suburban gardens.Making them suitable for the characteristics of these varieties and biotypes are referring to: earliness of fruiting, production obtained in ecological conditions, low to medium volume of shrubs and trees, plant density per unit area, self compatibility in a high proportion of gametes and quality and organoleptic characteristics, biochemical and sanogene of fruits.Among the biochemical and sanogene characteristics, dry matter levels were high (15% blueberry,17% wolfberry and 22% apricot), vitamin C (24 mg/100 g in apricot, 60 mg/100 g wolfberry), flavonoids (1.12 mm rutin/ml currant), polyphenols (200 mg galic acid/100 g wolfberry), antioxidant capacity (48 RA% in wolfberries).