Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 3, Number 1
Written by Miloslav KOVÁĆ
Already at the beginning of the project is architect exposed to questions about construction. Accurate prepare reduces construction failures by assemblage and on the other hand helps to articulate architectonic meaning of concept. Wooden skeleton compared to brick-concrete building offer more occasions to expose construction members, at some common techniques it’s a must. Present wooden structures insulated with straw bales as standard practice turning into scientific structures designed with relation to interior and exterior design. Wave of ecology architecture supports development of these straw structures and the number of these way considering investors is raising. Horizontal constructions represent three classes: basement slab (first floor), first floor ceiling (second floor), roof (maximum angle 5°). On the ground of construction types: heavy wooden construction, light wooden construction and prefabricated panels (pre-insulated, on site insulated). Perception of exterior horizontal construction depends on overhang of construction elements over closed perimeter. Overhang of second floor and roof takes the main influence of overall appearance mainly leaving construction visible without lathing. Perception of interior horizontal construction depends on material composition and required properties of these layer. Exposed beams and joists are evidence of construction type, enrich form and color palette of interior and facade. Dimension of exposure determine perception, that is affected by number of story’s, position in terrain, size, color and technique of realization.