LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION: PROSPECTS OVER THE NEXT DECADES AND ALTERNATIVE PROTEIN BIO-RESOURCES

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1
Written by André THÉWIS, Anca-Maria GALIȘ

Livestock production is an important source of protein and other nutrients for human diet. It also contributes in a large measure to public health, social equity and economic growth. The development of this sector in the next decades will be driven by a foreseen increase in the demand for food products of animal origin, especially in the developing countries. This important demand will be satisfied through an increase in animal populations and an improvement in animal performances at the world scale. At that point, attention should be drawn to the sustainability of this development, since it appears that this sector has a major impact on the environment. The sustainability of livestock production systems can be achieved through intense research in: genetics and breeding (more efficient and robust animals, with a higher number of offspring and a lower variation among them, in a given population), nutrition (new feed sources, pastures’ improvement and a special focus on efficiency), societal demand (ensuring a decent income while improving the animal welfare), diseases (development of surveillance, diagnostics and detection systems). Already included in research activities, some alternatives to livestock production are actively studied: the development of in vitro meat production systems, the entomophagy (still regarded with skepticism in the Western countries) and micro-algae use. Even considering the intense research to expand these alternatives and the interesting results obtained until now, the biggest obstacle to overcome is represented by consumers’ acceptance.

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Théwis A., Galiș A.-M., 2012, LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION: PROSPECTS OVER THE NEXT DECADES AND ALTERNATIVE PROTEIN BIO-RESOURCES. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1, ISSN-L 2285-5718, 29-38.

NEW BREEDING RELEASES FROM THE RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR FRUIT GROWING, PITEȘTI

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1
Written by Sergiu BUDAN, Mădălina BUTAC, Mădălina MILITARU

The apple, pear, plum and cherries breeding program was started at the Research Institute for Fruit Growing, Pitesti, in 1967, with the constant main goal to release new varieties of superior characteristics than the al,ready existing ones. During this period of time, specific objectives have been established for each particular species according to their agrobiological particularities and technological progress, increasing the available genefund and knowledge accumulation. This article presents a synthesized overview of the objectives and breeding activities developed in the last years, which afforded registration of new cultivars. In addition, it provides the description of their main biological characteristics and technological particularities.

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Budan S., Butac M., Militaru M., 2012, NEW BREEDING RELEASES FROM THE RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR FRUIT GROWING, PITEȘTI . AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1, ISSN-L 2285-5718, 93-102.

PEOPLE, PLANET, PROSPERITY, THE FOOD CHAIN AND DECENT REGULATIONS

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1
Written by Huub LELIEVELD

The world has over 7 billion people and they all want to be happy, having enough to eat, have families and prosper. For numerous reasons, when the numbers were much lower and this would have been possible, it did not happen. There has always been a big gap between the fortunate (relatively) few and those living in poverty. Now that it might become possible, it looks very much like the planet cannot sustain these numbers. The gap is still there, possibly even increasing and hunger is rising, not diminishing. To attend to the wealthy part of the world, the food chain has become absurd, often involving the transport of raw materials from the most distant places to processing plants and then pack the product to be transported back to the most distant places again. Food safety regulations among countries differ to the extent that healthy food is legally destroyed, depriving desperate populations their basic needs. Such regulations are not based on sound science but on media hypes or lobbying by powerful stakeholders. Members of the scientific community, including technologists, engineers and nutritionists, in cooperation with regulatory specialists are working together to remove the regulatory hurdles to food security.

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Lelieveld H., 2012, PEOPLE, PLANET, PROSPERITY, THE FOOD CHAIN AND DECENT REGULATIONS . AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1, ISSN-L 2285-5718, 9-17.

PRIOR EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING (APEL): A WAY TO SHORT-CUT THE UNIVERSITY STUDIES IN TECHNICAL DEGREES?

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1
Written by Marco Dalla ROSA, Rui COSTA, Cristina SILVA

This paper presents the activity carried out inside a work package (WP7) of the ISEKI_Food 3 Academic Network project (2008-2011) dedicated to the facilitation and promotion of Life Long Learning in higher education. In fact, recognition of prior learning is an essential tool to foster lifelong learning within the European Higher Education Area. Professionals could be more attracted to go back higher education if their competences would be adequately recognised as credits in the programmes they want to study and complete. Within the aims of the cited work package, recognition or accreditation of learning performed in non academic environment (“prior learning”) by means of the network partners was investigated. Owing to the presentation of the aim and objective of the topic, we present the results of a questionnaire set-up to be filled on-line by ISEKI_Food partners, in order to collect information around the consideration of prior experiences and /or learning activity, certificated when possible, are recognized by University to obtain ECTS in order to facilitate the student’s curriculum. Maximum of credits to be recognized, disciplines more frequently subjected to this procedure of recognition, type of agreement between university and other institutions (secondary schools, training agencies, etc,), prior experience/learning, are all items covered by the survey. Many of the partners participating in the survey and/or attending the meetings where the prior experiential learning was explained showed interest in reporting their own experience whose results are changing from country to country.

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Rosa M. D., Costa R., Silva C., 2012, PRIOR EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING (APEL): A WAY TO SHORT-CUT THE UNIVERSITY STUDIES IN TECHNICAL DEGREES? . AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1, ISSN-L 2285-5718, 25-28.

RESEARCH ON PERFORMANCES OF RAISING CERTIFICATE CHICKENS

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1
Written by  Ioan CUSTURĂ, Ilie VAN, Minodora TUDORACHE, Elena POPESCU-MICLOȘANU, Antoaneta POPA

The important demand for non-pollutant eco-agrifood products, with a reduced level of harmful influence on human health, requires increasing concern for the production, management and marketing of agricultural products (poultry included), obtained under ecological conditions.The research presented in this paper is also related to this context, both by settling the qualitative and quantitative features of eco-chickens and a likely decrease of production costs by varying the values of energy and protein within the mixed fodder structure used for these chickens.Our research was performed on 150 birds (Ross 308) at SDE Avicola Moara Domnească farm during a 56 days’ period. The birds were distributed in three treatment groups according to three nutritive values of mixed fodder (CM, C1, C2). Following result processing, we found that the best weight gain was recorded in CM group (a daily average gain of 41.98 ± 0.91 g). The lowest value for the specific consumption was recorded in CM group (2.54 ± 0.16 kg, very significant differences between the groups) and the lowest viability was recorded in C1 group (10.40 ± 1.56 %).

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Custură I., Van I., Tudorache M., Popescu-Micloșanu E., Popa A., 2012, RESEARCH ON PERFORMANCES OF RAISING CERTIFICATE CHICKENS . AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1, ISSN-L 2285-5718, 147-151.

RESULTS OBTAINED BY APPLYING MODERN WINEMAKING TECHNOLOGIES ON THE CRAMPOSIE VARIETY CULTIVATED IN A NEW TERROIR

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1
Written by Arina Oana ANTOCE

Cramposie is a Romanian grape variety mostly cultivated in the Dragasani area, but also in a few other regions of Romania. In this study, wines were produced from this variety cultivated in the southernmost region of Romania – the viticultural center of Zimnicea, Teleorman county. Four experimental batches were produced with different selected yeasts, in one case a co-inoculation of two yeasts being used. Some modern technological sequences were also applied, such as must clarification by flotation, antioxidant protection with a combination of sulfur dioxide, ascorbic acid and tannins, and fermentation at low temperature. A flash dual-column gas-chromatograph was used to differentiate the experimental samples. Samples of Cramposie wines were compared with wines of well-known white international varieties cultivated and processed in the same terroir. The quality of the new wines was also confirmed by the awards obtained at an international wine contest.

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Antoce A. O., 2012, RESULTS OBTAINED BY APPLYING MODERN WINEMAKING TECHNOLOGIES ON THE CRAMPOSIE VARIETY CULTIVATED IN A NEW TERROIR . AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1, ISSN-L 2285-5718, 84-86.

REVITALIZATION AND RESTORATION OF QUEEN ELIZABETH PALACE GARDEN – ROYAL RESIDENCE

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1
Written by Elisabeta DOBRESCU, Andreea RĂDUCU-LEFTER

The project aim is the discovery of historical identity through the cultural and functional residential garden of the Royal House of Romania. This work is necessary given the considerable reduction of historical landmarks and national cultural identity. The study shows the approach, analysis and strategy of the development project aiming to revitalize the Elisabeta Palace Garden, and the landscaping solution for the residential garden. The study of the monument as a whole involves detailed research that displays the potential landscape value of the space accompanying the royal residence in Romania and possibly its inclusion on the list of historical landscape monuments. Knowing the main aspects regarding the accounting and inventory of the elements that compose the historical garden also includes a range of information that would help the sustainable management strategy for the future. Not only the preservation and conservation but also the restoration and revitalization of the cultural heritage that was left to us is a paramount concern in the development of a cultural society. These testimonies of the past are very important milestones, necessary for understanding the value of the Romanian people. Maintaining and developing the landscape, in conjunction with the architectural values belonging to the historical monument, may lead to the future possibility of self-financing of all maintenance work required by the historical assembly. That imperative - self-financing - is present in all current studies of sustainable development and can be embedded in the marketing strategies of the monument.

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Dobrescu E., Răducu-Lefter A., 2012, REVITALIZATION AND RESTORATION OF QUEEN ELIZABETH PALACE GARDEN – ROYAL RESIDENCE . AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1, ISSN-L 2285-5718, 117-125.

SOME MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS OF THOROUGHBRED HORSES IN TURKEY

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1
Written by Orhan YILMAZ, Mehmet ERTUGRUL

This is the first document on Thoroughbred Horses in Turkey. The aim of this study was to define body coat colour and some morphological traits of Turkish Thoroughbred horses used for race in Balikesir and Konya regions. In this study, a total of 52 Thoroughbred horses, 14 males and 38 females, were analyzed in two age groups of 4-5 and 6-9 years, respectively. Descriptive statistics gave the following means: withers height 164.1 ± 0.64 cm, height at rump 162.7 ±0.65 cm, body length 167.3 ± 0.72 cm, heart girth circumferences 193.3 ± 0.43 cm, chest depth 79 ± 0.57 cm, and cannon circumferences 20.1 ± 0.18 cm. In this study, the frequencies of body coat colour of the sampled horses for bay colour was 34.6%, chestnut 30.8%, black 25%, and gray 9.6%. It can be concluded that Turkish Thoroughbred Horses is almost similar to other Thoroughbred Horses raised in other countries.

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Yilmaz O., Ertugrul M., 2012, SOME MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS OF THOROUGHBRED HORSES IN TURKEY . AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1, ISSN-L 2285-5718, 157-164.

STATE AND PERSPECTIVES OF RASPBERRY PRODUCTION IN BULGARIA

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1
Written by Denitsa D. DOMOZETOVA

Raspberry has become a profitable fruit species for many areas in Bulgaria, owing to the suitable soil and climatic conditions for cultivation. The interest in raspberry has increased with the new economic conditions. Raspberry is the first species that has found a place as competitive crop on the foreign market. Although new plantations are created every year, yielding ones vary widely (18 440 da/1990, 10 000 da/2000 and 16 990 da/2010 years) and the resulting yields are far below the varietal potentiality (226 kg/da, 1990, 300 kg/da in 2000, and 360 kg/da 2010). However, many mistakes are made - inappropriate habitats, planting material, failure to fulfil the basic requirements, usage of varieties unsuitable for our specific conditions, lack of knowledge and implementation of the technology for creating and growing raspberry plants. Recently, there has been a consistent trend of applying high yielded varieties and modern technologies to fruit production, which will lead to high quality yields.

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Domozetova D. D., 2012, STATE AND PERSPECTIVES OF RASPBERRY PRODUCTION IN BULGARIA . AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1, ISSN-L 2285-5718, 87-92.

STUDIES ON ONION DEHYDRATION

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1
Written by Marian VINTILĂ, Angela MOHORA, Daniela MOISE

Called "the queen of vegetables" by some gourmets because of its strong taste, onion is a highly consumed vegetable which is appreciated worldwide. Onion brings a significant contribution of vitamins and minerals when used in human food.Onions are perishable and cannot be long-term stored under normal conditions. Post-harvest losses are estimated from 18 to 25% depending on the storage system (refrigeration, mechanical ventilation, etc.).Onion dehydration is a solution to reduce losses and expenses for storage and transportation, ensuring and increasing shelf life.The use of the existing dehydration devices has created quality problems regarding color, texture and taste.Our research aimed to establish optimal dehydration conditions recommended for production use.To improve the drying process and to achieve a quality product, studies were performed on a laboratory dehydration device. The studies included the effect of drying temperature and air velocity, the thickness of onion slices and drying time regarding the sensorial qualities and rehydration characteristics.

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Vintilă M., Mohora A., Moise D., 2012, STUDIES ON ONION DEHYDRATION . AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol 1, Issue 1, ISSN-L 2285-5718, 112-116.


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