Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 3, Number 1
Written by Doru Ioan MARIN, Jeni Veronica ȚIU, Niculae DINCĂ, Ciprian BOLOHAN
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is one of the most important food plants worldwide and holds over 18.6 million ha all over the world (FAO, 2011). In Romania, potato crops occupied areas between 250 and 300 thousand hectares after 1950, ranking 18th in the world and 2nd - 3rd in Europe in terms of total tuber production. The expansion of potato crops, including in southern Romania, is based on the extensive research conducted under ICAR between 1950 and 1967 and ICCS Brasov in 1967. Research conducted on the chromic luvosoil of Moara Domneasca Didactic Farm in 2013 aimed at checking the suitability of three potato varieties for the conditions of the area - Riviera, Bellarosa and Everest; the varieties were grown both as a non-irrigated and moderately irrigated crop (at a hydric regime specific to the normal one in the area). Observations and measurements were made on the emergence and development of plants, tubers, tuber production and commercial quality. In 2013, the variety Bellarosa achieved a maximum tuber yield 29,203 kg/ha, of which 25,494 kg/ha were tubers over 55 mm in size.