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INFLUENCE OF SOIL TILLAGE SYSTEMS ON SOME CHARACTERISTICS MORPHO-PRODUCTIVE AND YIELD TO PEA

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 1
Written by Alina SIMON, Teodor RUSU, Cornel CHETAN

Conservative tillage techniques are widely used to preserve soil structure and fertility, the use of legumes in crop rotation system help improve soil quality and growth of culture yield which are in rotation.This paper evaluate the yielding of pea cultivated on three different conditions of tillage: conventional tillage, minimum tillage and no tillage were studied for four genotype of afila peas: Tudor, Dora, Bellmondo and Camilla. The experiment was conducted in the years 2014-2015on soil type phaeozem, located in the Transylvanian Plain, Romania.Climatic conditions have a large influence on production, the differences obtained in those two years are being very significant, in 2014 was obtained an average production of 3161 kg/ha compared with 2015, respectively 2380 kg/ha. In conventional tillage system soil has achieved a higher production than in conservative systems, the difference being 163 kg/ha compared to the minimum system and 813 kg/ha compared to the no tillage system. Production differences exist in the case of varieties used in the experiment, varieties Bellmondo and Camilla has good production304 kg/ha respectively 133 kg/ha compared to the average of varieties. Significant values of correlation between morph-productive characters are in the number of plants/m2, the number of pods/m2 and number of grain/m2.

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