PLASTICITY AND ADAPTABILITY OF TUNCELI GARLIC (Allium tuncelianumKOLLMAN) UNDER SEMIARID ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF SOUTH-EAST ANATOLIA

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1
Written by Süleyman KIZIL, Khalid Mahmood KHAWAR

Turkey, with important cultural heritage and rich history and enormous plant diversityhas poor agricultural practices that are making difficult to conserve many of the endemic local plant taxon. The soil conservation practices are not sufficient as the farming practices are more often sowing of soil depleting rather conserving. Allium tuncelianum (Kollman) Ozhatay, Matthew & S iranecivernacular “Tuncelisarõmsağõ” is an endemic specie of garlic native to the Eastern Anatolian province Tunceli, where temperate climate is dominant and the people in general and farmers in particular are not well aware of good farming practices. There is need to develop and introduce more new practical propagation and multiplication approaches for its conservation at naturalhabitat and outside without endangering surrounding environment. This study reports effect of four planting densities andintra-row spacingon some agronomical characteristics of A. tuncelianum yield and some agronomic characteristics. The study was carried under warm semi-arid ecological climatic conditions of Southeast Anatolia ensuring minimum soil depletion effects on the environment. Yield components like plant height, leaf length, leaf width, bulb diameter, flower inflorescence, bulb weight and number of scales onbulb changedsignificantly with range of 101.3-115.8 cm, 37.2-40.4 cm, 2.55-1.61 cm, 3.47-3.85 cm, 8.90-8.87 cm, 36.0-48.1 g and 1.67-1.71 respectively. These values did not show a significant difference with the yield component values at original habitat of the plant at Tunceli. The results of the study are very encouraging and suggest that the plant has large and increased plasticity with easy tolerance and adjustment for differences in climatic without significant loss in yield.

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KIZIL S., KHAWAR K.M. 2017, PLASTICITY AND ADAPTABILITY OF TUNCELI GARLIC (Allium tuncelianumKOLLMAN) UNDER SEMIARID ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF SOUTH-EAST ANATOLIA. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 146-153.


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