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THE ROLE OF NATIVE ORNAMENTAL PLANTS IN ENSURING THE HABITAT NEEDS OF BIRDS IN URBAN ECOSYSTEMS. CASE STUDY - CISMIGIU GARDEN, BUCHAREST

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 7, Number 2
Written by Mirela DRAGOȘ, Angela PETRESCU, George-Laurențiu MERCIU, Cristina POSNER

Birds are a taxonomic group significantly affected by urbanization. The present study brings a new component to the restoration of the oldest public garden in Bucharest, namely the biodiversity component. In order to monitor the bird species and their areas of nesting, the transect and point counts methods with 22 fixes points established at a 100 m interval have been used. The vegetation in this ecosystem is of particular importance especially for the feeding of the avian community and for shelter, and less for nesting. Over a year there are 55 species of birds, whose life depend on the vegetation of the park, and which use over 47 main plant species (trees and shrubs) for food, nest, and shelter. As a conclusion, understanding the correlations between the vegetation component of urban ecosystems and avifauna, as customized in this case study, helps to understand the current landscape design needs of urban areas under new environmental policies, to benefit from biodiversity at socio-economic and cultural level within the capital city.

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