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GENETIC DIVERSITY OF Iris pontica Zapal., IN MOVILA LUI BURCEL PROTECTED AREA: IMPLICATION FOR SPECIES CONSERVATION

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 9, Number 2
Written by Ioana Cătălina PAICA, Irina IRIMIA, Cristian BANCIU, Mihnea VLADIMIRESCU, Gabriel Mihai MARIA, Anca MANOLE

Irises are valued as ornamental and medicinal plant species, the wild populations being valuable sources of material for horticulture and/or for secondary metabolites extraction. Iris pontica is an endangered plant species with a restricted distribution range from Eastern Europe to Caucasus region. Until recently, the species was recorded in Romania from a few counties from Transylvania only, but a new population was reported, thus extending the species national occurrence to East. The aim of present study was to evaluate the genetic diversity of the newly reported population of I. pontica using Inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR). The results showed low level of genetic diversity within population as well as a homogeneous spatial distribution of genotypes. We can conclude that supplementary in situ conservation measure should be taken as well as some complementary ex situ approaches in order to preserve the valuable genetic resources of this ornamental and medicinal species.

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