ASPECTS REGARDING THE ACHIEVING OF A GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM SPECIFIC FOR REAL ESTATE DOMAIN

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 2
Written by Tudor SĂLĂGEAN, Teodor RUSU, Andra PORUŢIU, Jutka DEAK, Raluca MANEA, Ana VÎRSTA, Mariana CĂLIN

Considering the development and computerization of cadastre in Europe and the importance they have land registers and real estate records in Romania, which is a member country of the European Union, and in the future will have to develop the information society and cadastre will be the main territorial database. This paper, regarding the informational system specific for real estate domain of Sărmaşu, Mureş County, is a step toward developing computerized urban and rural localities in Romania. Spatial data are taken from the cadastral plan of the city. Creating a database is to determine: the study area, the coordinate system used, the layers necessary for studying the elements (geographical objects) included in each layer, the attributes necessary for the description of each item type, the method of coding and organizing the attributes. The creation of the database was performed in three steps: i) identifying graphical objects and their attributes and organize layers; ii) defining attributes; iii) ensuring records coordinates between layers. The advantages of using a Geographic Information System over traditional methods are numerous: improving service quality, optimizing circuit information between organizations, producing interactive maps, the ability to produce standardized maps, avoiding duplicate data maintenance banks.

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SĂLĂGEAN T., RUSU T., PORUŢIU A., DEAK J., MANEA R., VÎRSTA A., CĂLIN M. 2016, ASPECTS REGARDING THE ACHIEVING OF A GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM SPECIFIC FOR REAL ESTATE DOMAIN. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 2, ISSN 2285-5718, 137-142.

ASPECTS REGARDING THE ANALYSIS OF HORIZONTAL DISPLACEMENTS AT CUMPĂNA DAM, ARGEŞ COUNTY

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1
Written by Tudor SĂLĂGEAN, Dumitru ONOSE, Teodor RUSU, Elemer Emanuel SUBA, Silvia CHIOREAN

The paper presents the tracking of the behavior in time of Cumpăna Dam by establishing the horizontal displacements (dx and dy) compared to the base tranche and the previous tranche, and also the processing of these measurements and establishing conclusions and recommendations regarding the behavior of the objective taken into study. The planimetric tracking network used in the case study consists of 7 pilasters and 25 tracking marks. The azimuth and zenith observations made in the case of Cumpăna Dam were conducted with the total station of geodesic order, Leica TM 30 which provides an angular accuracy of 0.5 " or 1" and a distance measuring accuracy of 0.6 mm + 1 ppm on the prism, respectively 2 mm + 2 ppm to any surface. A condition for the accurate determination of absolute displacements of the construction is the stability of geodetic network points. The compensation of the micro-triangulation network was performed in block, using the least squares method.

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SĂLĂGEAN T., ONOSE D., RUSU T., SUBA E.E., CHIOREAN S. 2017, ASPECTS REGARDING THE ANALYSIS OF HORIZONTAL DISPLACEMENTS AT CUMPĂNA DAM, ARGEŞ COUNTY. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 237-242.

ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF DAIRY POLICIES ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF TURKISH DAIRY INDUSTRY

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 1
Written by Hasan YILMAZ, Nilgun ATA

The aim of this study was to comparatively analyze the impact of dairy farming policies on the socio-economic and technological characterization of dairy industry. Primary data were collected from dairy farms through the use of structured questionnaires and were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Data obtained was analyzed using Chi-square (χ2) test. In this study, modern and traditional dairy farms were compared in terms of their socio-economic and technological characterization and structural farming practices, and adoption levels of dairy farming support services. The results revealed that there is a statistically significant difference between the improved and traditional dairy farms in terms of education level of farm holder, gender of farm holder, agricultural credit use, purpose of dairy farming, farm land size, number of cattle, number of milking cow, barn type, size of barn, feeding system silage making status of farm, fodder crop growing, milk marketing channels, farmers’ reasons for choice in milk marketing channel, type of dairy farming supports received by farmers, use purpose of dairy farming supports by farmers, effects on modernization of dairy farms and increase in farm income of dairy farming supports variables. The result depicted that improved dairy farms benefit more from dairy farming and rural development supports than the traditional dairy farms. As dairying is the sole source of income in the area, the study concludes by highlighting the importance of government support for small and medium sized dairy farms in the study area. The conclusion is that policy makers should take into account socio-economic and technological characterization of dairy farms in implementation of dairy farming policies to ensure sustainable food security, food safety and farmers’ income.

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YILMAZ H., ATA N. 2016, ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF DAIRY POLICIES ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF TURKISH DAIRY INDUSTRY. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 214-222.

Beef meatballs adulteration tests with real time quantitative pcr detection for halal authentication - case studies sellers at traditional market and small medium enterprises (SMEs) merchants in Indonesia

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 3, Number 2
Written by Balia OOSTITA, Hendronoto Arnoldus Walewangko LENGKEY, Lilis SURYANINGSIH, Obin RACHMAWAN, Wendy Setyadi PUTRANTO, Eka WULANDARI, Gemilang Lara UTAMA

The increase of beef price trigger meatballs adulteration which using pork. Protein specific identification in processed food like meatballs getting difficult because there are possibilities of protein breakdown caused by process. Therefore, molecular approach such as real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was done to identify pork addition in beef meatballs and give halal authentication as safety warranty to the consumer. Forty eight samples taken purposively from 21 SMEs merchants and 21 sellers at traditional market around Jatinangor education centre. The result shown all the merchant and sellers sold halal beef meatballs, because no adulterated beef meatballs found.

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Balia OOSTITA, Hendronoto Arnoldus Walewangko LENGKEY, Lilis SURYANINGSIH, Obin RACHMAWAN, Wendy Setyadi PUTRANTO, Eka WULANDARI, Gemilang Lara UTAMA 2014, Beef meatballs adulteration tests with real time quantitative pcr detection for halal authentication - case studies sellers at traditional market and small medium enterprises (SMEs) merchants in Indonesia. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 3, Number 2, ISSN 2285-5718, 62-68.

BIODEGRADATION YIELD OF CRUDE OIL IN SOIL POLLUTED AND TREATED IN DIFFERENT EXPERIMENTAL VARIANTS

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1
Written by Mariana MARINESCU, Anca LĂCĂTUȘU, Eugenia GAMENŢ, Georgiana PLOPEANU, Mihai MARINESCU

Soils pollution with crude oil is becoming an ever increasing problem, especially in the light of several breakdowns of oil pipelines and wells reported recently. Due to its toxicity, widespread presence and complex nature, this type of pollution is a serious problem, one reason being that as the modern civilisation, urbanisation and mechanisation develop the use of crude oil products grow. The influence of soil pollution with crude oil depended on the type of soil, crude oil concentration in soil and fertilisation. The study has been undertaken to assay the biodegradation yield of soil polluted with crude oil and treated in different experimental variants. In soil polluted with 5% crude oil, doubling fertiliser dose from 0.25% to 0.5% has exercised the most spectacular effect, causing an increase of yield to 45.7% in absence of bacterial inoculation. Atlow fertiliser dose, inoculation with selected bacteria induced a strong stimulation effect; the bioremediation yield is 24% higher thant hat determined inuninoculated variant. In variants excessively polluted with 10% crude oil, microorganisms with biodegradation capacity of petroleum hydrocarbons have required amore or less period of time to adapt to pollutant presence in excess. Necessary period to adapt to environmental changing, microorganisms was significantly decreased by soil conditioning with Ecosol at 1% concentration.

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MARINESCU M., LĂCĂTUȘU A., GAMENŢ E., PLOPEANU G., MARINESCU M. 2017, BIODEGRADATION YIELD OF CRUDE OIL IN SOIL POLLUTED AND TREATED IN DIFFERENT EXPERIMENTAL VARIANTS. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 154-158.

Biological control of Melolontha melolontha L larvae with entomopathogenic bioinsecticide based on Beauveria brongniartii

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "AgroLife Journal", Vol. 4 ISSUE 1
Written by Ana-Cristina FATU, Mihaela-Monica DINU, C. CIORNEI, Ana-Maria ANDREI

From 2010 to 2013 tests were conducted with entomopathogenic bioproduct based on Beauveria brongniartii, in nurseries of the Botosani, Neamt and Suceava Forest Departments. At RDPP Bucharest a technology for multiplication on nutrtive solid substrate of entomopathogenic fungus B. brongniartii was developed, on the basis of which the experimental bioinsecticide BioMelCon (G) was obtained. Soil treatments were performed with the BioMelCon (G) in doses ranging from 100 to200 kg/ha. The tested dosages were achieved by applying two treatments per year. Application of biological product held generally early spring on surfaces free from crops, to ensure a uniform distribution and to create the possibility of periodic inspection of the treatment effect by soil surveys. Checking the effectiveness of treatment was carried out in several stages, in different site conditions. The paper presents results concerning the effect of applying several biological treatments on Melolontha melolontha larvae (L2-L3). The cumulative effect of the biological product and the agricultural practices of experimental fields have led to a decreased density of larval populations under economic threshold level

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Ana-Cristina FATU, Mihaela-Monica DINU, C. CIORNEI, Ana-Maria ANDREI 2015, Biological control of Melolontha melolontha L. larvae with entomopathogenic bioinsecticide based on Beauveria brongniartii. Scientific Papers. Series "AgroLife Journal", Vol. 4 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2285-5718, 64-69.

Calcium alleviates stress in plants: insight into regulatory mechanisms

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 3, Number 2
Written by Elena DELIAN, Adrian CHIRA, Liliana BADULESCU, Lenuta CHIRA

Plants as sessile organisms are constantly exposed to different stressors incidence: biotic and / or abiotic factors. Consequently, the viability of plants depends on their ability to perceive the changes that occur in their natural environment (either beneficial or harmful) and to appropriately respond physiologically, biochemically, and in terms of their development, to overcome and to counter the possible destructive effects. Plasma membrane, as the main selective barrier between the plant cell and the environment have different receptor proteins in its structure, to sense various external stimuli and transduce them to downstream intra- and intercellular signalling networks. An universal signal molecule is calcium and the calcium-sensing is of fundamental importance for extracellular calcium signalling and calcium homeostasis. Calcium is an important second messenger in signal transduction pathways, mediating various defence responses to the action under environmental stresses and in the regulation of many developmental processes in plants, being one of the most studied second messengers both in plant and animal fields. This brief review summarizes some results of recent research on the involvement of calcium in plant responses to stress factors action, addressing in particular scientific and practical importance of such knowledge, in order to improve plant tolerance to stress factors.

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Elena DELIAN, Adrian CHIRA, Liliana BADULESCU, Lenuta CHIRA 2014, Calcium alleviates stress in plants: insight into regulatory mechanisms. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 3, Number 2, ISSN 2285-5718, 25-30.

CASE STUDY IN TRACEABILITY AND CONSUMER'S CHOICES ON FISH AND FISHERY PRODUCTS

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 2
Written by Carmen Georgeta NICOLAE, Nicoleta IȘFAN, Gratziela Victoria BAHACIU, Monica Paula MARIN, Liliana Mihaela MOGA

The food market needs are generated by human social needs. Thus, fish and fishery products traceability involves the knowing of the issues related to distribution chain of the fishery products. Aspects as safety and quality along the distribution chain are identified and this is necessary to be known in order to eliminate the differences between the social needs and requests. For preventing the Malassis effect and maintaining the food request beyond the saturation area, it needs to know the consumer typology. In order to have a wide and clear image of the fish and fishery market, we have conducted a study on 176 consumers. The items were structured in a certain way which allowed us, after data processing, to identify the consumption and buying habits by age category, living environment and occupational field of the subjects. The statistic interferences shown that people aged between 30-55 years (82.60%) prefer live fish, young people, younger than 30 years (60.97%) prefer fresh fish and/or seafood (43.90%). The most of the respondents (60.00%) prefer to buy from specialized stores (fisheries) and 27.50% direct from the producer. The analysis of the factors that influence the consumer decision to buy fish / fishery products shown that are interesting in the conditions of fish deposit and exploitation (maximum 84%). The results of this study can serve as an informing material for the fish processing area and industry. This is offering a commercial diagnosis of the market, accordingly to the influence of the use of information provided by traceability, on the intention to buy fish /fishery products in the future.

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NICOLAE C.G., IȘFAN N., BAHACIU G.V., MARIN M.P., MOGA L.M. 2016, CASE STUDY IN TRACEABILITY AND CONSUMER'S CHOICES ON FISH AND FISHERY PRODUCTS. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 2, ISSN 2285-5718, 103-107.

CAUSES AND SOLUTIONS FOR THE REMEDIATION OF THE POOR ALLOCATION OF P AND K TO WHEAT CROPS IN ROMANIA

Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 1
Written by Florin SALA, Ciprian RUJESCU, Cristian CONSTANTINESCU

The aim of the present study was to establish the main cause of the poor allocation of PK fertilizers to wheat crops, as this phenomenon has been observed in Romania. The experimental research consisted in differentiated allocation of fertilizers with N and the PK complex in order to create controlled nutrition deficits. It was conducted within the Didactic Station in Timisoara, from 2012 to 2014. Based on the yields obtained and on the associated economic elements, two scenarios were used: variation of wheat selling price and the price of fertilizers; each scenario had several variants. For each variant, the study assessed the optimal dose of N and PK respectively that resulted in the maximum profit. The model employed for this purpose was a model given by the production function verified by experimental data. The results were analysed and processed with SPSS and the graphic representations with Wolfram Alpha. The study discovered that the main cause of the Romanian farmers’ low interest in using PK fertilizers is the dissonance between the cost of PK fertilizers and the low market price of wheat. Given the current price of wheat - between 0.5 - 0.6 lei/ kg-1, the authorities have to adopt incentive pricing for PK fertilizers in order to stimulate the use of such fertilizers by Romanian farmers. These measures will result not only in better quality and quantity of the yield, but also in medium and long-term improvement of soil fertility.

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SALA F., RUJESCU C., CONSTANTINESCU C. 2016, CAUSES AND SOLUTIONS FOR THE REMEDIATION OF THE POOR ALLOCATION OF P AND K TO WHEAT CROPS IN ROMANIA. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 184-193.

Classification of genus Triticum sensu lato and sensu stricto based on spike and grain morphology

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "AgroLife Journal", Vol. 4 ISSUE 1
Written by Hristo P. STOYANOV

The formulation of the present classifications of species of the genus Triticum associates mainly with several plant morphological factors such as fragility of the spikes spindle, grains threshability, grain sphericity, shape and position of glumes, lemmas and paleas and awns, compactness, etc. Special attention is paid to the factor "cultural/wild" form, the ploidy and the genomic constitution of the species, often supported by molecular data which provides considerable comfort in disclosing phylogenetic features in a particular taxonomic unit. Such taxonomic determination is associated with certain disadvantages. It is not sufficiently focused on the spike morphology related to the reproductive apparatus of the plant, and also the causes of phylogenetic differentiation of certain parameters, such as spike branching, multiple spikelets, as well as the ratios of quantitative properties. The existing classifications do not give a precise answer to the taxonomic position of amphidiploids in the genus Triticum, and also for those obtained from hybrid combinations with genera Aegilops, Secale, Haynaldia, Hordeum, Elymus, Leymus, Elytrigia, Agropyron, as transitional and similar forms. Based on studies of spike and grain morphology of a large number of representatives of the genus Triticum and other interspecific and intergeneric amphidiploid forms, a classification of the genus sensu lato and sensu stricto is composed. Sensu stricto, genus Triticum covers all existing wild and cultivated known wheat forms, together with interspecific artificial synthetic forms. Sensu lato, the genus includes intergeneric hybrids, for which a specific generic epithet was coined - ×Triticum, and also a specific epithet, consistent with the originator of the amphidiploid. Special attention was paid to species and amphidiploids with the genus Aegilops. Classification sensu strictissimo was also formulated where the genus Triticum brings together only diploid species, but natural amphidiploids are separated as genus Aegilotriticum, and artificial as genus ×Aegilotriticum, and the remote intergeneric amphidiploids are not subject to the classification. Drawn up in this way, the classifications cover morphological and ecological, evolutionary and phylogenetic features of the representatives of the genus Triticum

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Hristo P. STOYANOV 2015, Classification of genus Triticum, sensu lato and sensu stricto, based on spike and grain morphology. Scientific Papers. Series "AgroLife Journal", Vol. 4 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2285-5718, 176-185.


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