RESEARCH ON BLANCHING PRETREATMENT AND FREEZING TECHNOLOGY EFFECT ON SELECTED VEGETABLES

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Mihaela Cristina DRĂGHICI
Mihaela GEICU-CRISTEA
Elisabeta Elena POPA
Amalia Carmen MITELUȚ
Paul Alexandru POPESCU
Urszula TYLEWICZ
Marco Dalla ROSA
Mona Elena POPA

Abstract

Vegetables present high nutritional content, being rich in vitamins, minerals, dietary fibres, organic acids and antioxidant
compounds. However, fresh vegetables are generally harvested seasonally, being available in their fresh form for short
periods of time during the year, and are also highly perishable. Therefore, the necessity of preserving them for a longer
period of time has been addressed, freezing becoming the main technique used in this scope, due to its ability to maintain
the initial quality of the product. The aim of the present study was to determine the properties of several fresh vegetables
in different moments during processing for freezing preservation, namely initial moment (fresh form), after blanching
pretreatment, after freezing/thawing process. The vegetables that were studied during this study were green peas, green
beans, broccoli, asparagus, oyster mushrooms, Agaricus bisporus mushrooms and eggplants. As quality indicators, the
following were determined: acidity, aw, colour, total polyphenolic content, antioxidant activity and ascorbic acid content
(where applied). The results showed varied values for the monitored parameters. Generally, significant differences were
observed during processing, with increasing and decreasing values of the tested parameters depending on the tested
sample and applied treatment.

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How to Cite
Mihaela Cristina DRĂGHICI, Mihaela GEICU-CRISTEA, Elisabeta Elena POPA, Amalia Carmen MITELUȚ, Paul Alexandru POPESCU, Urszula TYLEWICZ, Marco Dalla ROSA, & Mona Elena POPA. (2023). RESEARCH ON BLANCHING PRETREATMENT AND FREEZING TECHNOLOGY EFFECT ON SELECTED VEGETABLES. AgroLife Scientific Journal, 12(2), 69–76. https://doi.org/10.17930/AGL202329
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