PRINT ISSN 2285-5718, CD-ROM ISSN 2285-5726, ISSN ONLINE 2286-0126, ISSN-L 2285-5718


Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 1
Written by Gheorghe Valentin ROMAN, Lenuta Iuliana EPURE, Maria TOADER, Antonio-Romeo LOMBARDI

Grain legumes (pulses) are currently grown on 1.8% of the EU's arable land (compared to 4.7% in 1961) and as a result, Europe is dependent on protein imports totalling annually about 20 mil. tons of soybean meals and 12 mil. tons of soybean grains. Only about 2.5% of soybean meal consumed is produced in the EU. This imbalance between production and consumption creates economic and trade problems; in addition, imported soybean is mostly GM, which is not accepted by many European consumers. Since 2013, the Common Agricultural Policy included as a priority increasing the production of vegetal proteins by subsidies to grain legumes crops (including soybean non-GM), forage crops (alfalfa, clover) and oil crops (rapeseed, sunflower). In this framework encompasses the initiative Donau Soja (Danube Soya), which promotes the cultivation of conventional soybean in the Danube region and the development of yields processing and valorisation network. Romania falls well into these trends by traditions in cultivating soybean (over 500 thou ha before 1990), the favourability of natural conditions, the existence of biological material adapted to the specific natural conditions (varieties developed in ARDS Turda and NARDI Fundulea). Romanian farmers are interested in expanding soybean cultivation for ameliorating soil fertility and as a very good previous crop for winter cereals, but by providing an efficient weeds control, supplying water by irrigation and treating the seeds with bacterial preparations. Also, taking soybean harvest in the food networks involves a very rigorous quality control in terms of protein content and of avoiding contamination by GMOs. It is estimated that it can reach 700 thou ha with soybean, which can produce about 0.51 mil. tons proteins, which would add about 0.40 mil. tons of sunflower proteins (from 800 thou ha) and about 0.25 mil. tons of rapeseed proteins (from 500 thou ha).

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