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Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1
Written by Denisa-Ioana GHEORGHE, Victoria BÎNZARI, Diana CONSTANTINESCU-ARUXANDEI, Carmen LUPU, Sergey SHAPOSNIKOV, Florin OANCEA

One potential application of essential oils as low-risk biopesticides is as seeds disinfectant. The main goal of this study was to test the activity of thyme essential oil on four strains of seed/soilborne plant pathogenic fungi, Fusarium graminearum, Botrytis allii, Rhizoctonia solani, and Pythium ultimum, and to evaluate the effect of the inhibitory doses on plant seed germination. The direct application of thyme essential oil on seeds demonstrates a lack of selectivity. The main effects were related to radicle architecture and development of the primary and lateral roots, both in monocotyl, sorghum (Sorghum saccharatum), and in the dicotyls garden cress (Lepidium sativum) and white mustard (Sinapis alba). One potential solution to the lack of selectivity of direct application of the essential oils is biofumigation, i.e., application by volatilization in the rhizosphere area. Our paper raises this issue of compatibility between the necessary doses to inhibit the plant pathogenic fungi and the effects on plant seeds. Formulation of essential oils as slow-release nanoformulation could reduce phytotoxicity while maintaining and even enhancing the activity against plant pathogens.

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REVIEW ON KNOWLEDGE GAP IN Brachiaria GRASS RESEARCH AND UTILIZATION: ETHIOPIAN PERSPECTIVE

Written by Ana Valentina ARDELEAN, Ana-Maria MOROŞANU, Ioan ARDELEAN, Cristina MOISESCU, Călina Petruţa CORNEA
Pages 9 to 17

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]


MODEL FOR DESCRIBING THE VARIATION OF SOME AGROCHEMICAL INDICES OF THE SOIL

Written by Radu BERTICI, Daniel DICU, Mihai HERBEI, Florin SALA
Pages 18 to 26

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

BERTICI R., DICU D., HERBEI M., SALA F. 2022, MODEL FOR DESCRIBING THE VARIATION OF SOME AGROCHEMICAL INDICES OF THE SOIL. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 18-26.


SCREENING OF BACTERIAL CONSORTIA FOR A BIOAUGMENTED BIOASSAY OF FLUSHABLE WIPES BIODEGRADATION

Written by Oana Andreea CHEOAFĂ, Diana CONSTANTINESCU-ARUXANDEI, Daria Gabriela POPA, Luminița DIMITRIU, Florin OANCEA, Călina Petruța CORNEA
Pages 27 to 36

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

CHEOAFA O.A., CONSTANTINESCU-ARUXANDEI D., POPA D.G., DIMITRIU L., OANCEA F., CORNEA C.P. 2022, SCREENING OF BACTERIAL CONSORTIA FOR A BIOAUGMENTED BIOASSAY OF FLUSHABLE WIPES BIODEGRADATION. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 27-36.


EFFECT OF ARTIFICIAL LIGHT AT NIGHT (ALAN) IN URBAN CONDITIONS ON Taxus baccata L. LEAF MORPHOLOGY, PHOTOSYNTHETIC CAPACITY AND ASSIMILATORY PIGMENTS CONTENT

Written by Elena DELIAN, Elena SĂVULESCU, Liliana BĂDULESCU, Silvana Mihaela DĂNĂILĂ-GUIDEA, Luminița Monica BADEA
Pages 37 to 48

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

DELIAN E., SAVULESCU E., BADULESCU L., DANAILA-GUIDEA S.M., BADEA L.M. 2022, EFFECT OF ARTIFICIAL LIGHT AT NIGHT (ALAN) IN URBAN CONDITIONS ON Taxus baccata L. LEAF MORPHOLOGY, PHOTOSYNTHETIC CAPACITY AND ASSIMILATORY PIGMENTS CONTENT. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 37-48.


INCIDENCE, SPECIES AND ATTACHMENT SITES OF IXODIDAE TICKS IN CATTLE, SHEEP AND GOATS IN ALGERIA

Written by Lotfi DERRADJ, Karima KOHIL
Pages 49 to 55

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

DERRADJ L., KOHIL K. 2022, INCIDENCE, SPECIES AND ATTACHMENT SITES OF IXODIDAE TICKS IN CATTLE, SHEEP AND GOATS IN ALGERIA. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 49-55.


PARTICLE DISTRIBUTION IN GRANULAR SYNBIOTIC PRODUCTS

Written by Maria DONEVA,Iliana NACHEVA, Petya METODIEVA
Pages 56 to 62

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

DONEVA M., NACHEVA I., METODIEVA P. 2022, PARTICLE DISTRIBUTION IN GRANULAR SYNBIOTIC PRODUCTS. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 56-62.


ACTIVITY OF THYME ESSENTIAL OILS AGAINST PLANT PATHOGENIC FUNGI AND ITS POTENTIAL USE AS SEED DISINFECTANT

Written by Denisa-Ioana GHEORGHE, Victoria BÎNZARI, Diana CONSTANTINESCU-ARUXANDEI, Carmen LUPU, Sergey SHAPOSNIKOV, Florin OANCEA
Pages 63 to 72

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

GHEORGHE D.I., BINZARI V., CONSTANTINESCU-ARUXANDEI D., LUPU C., SHAPOSNIKOV S., OANCEA F. 2022, ACTIVITY OF THYME ESSENTIAL OILS AGAINST PLANT PATHOGENIC FUNGI AND ITS POTENTIAL USE AS SEED DISINFECTANT. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 63-72.


EFFECT OF DIFFERENT IRRIGATION LEVELS ON BLACK CUMIN SEED YIELD, FIXED AND ESSENTIAL OIL CONTENTS IN SOUTHERN TURKEY

Written by Laura María V. GUTIÉRREZ PRIETO, Saliha KIRICI
Pages 73 to 79

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

GUTIERREZ PRIETO L.M.V., KIRICI S. 2022, EFFECT OF DIFFERENT IRRIGATION LEVELS ON BLACK CUMIN SEED YIELD, FIXED AND ESSENTIAL OIL CONTENTS IN SOUTHERN TURKEY. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 73-79.


FOOD PATHOGEN OF CHICKEN MEAT Campylobacter spp.: A REVIEW

Written by Elma HRUSTEMOVIĆ, Faruk ČAKLOVICA, Jasmina ĐEĐIBEGOVIĆ
Pages 80 to 85

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

HRUSTEMOVIC E., CAKLOVICA F., ĐEĐIBEGOVIC J. 2022, FOOD PATHOGEN OF CHICKEN MEAT Campylobacter spp.: A REVIEW. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 80-85.


MITIGATION OF DROUGHT STRESS IN Solanaceae VEGETABLES THROUGH SYMBIOSIS WITH PLANT GROWTH - PROMOTING BACTERIA AND ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI. A REVIEW

Written by Marisa JIMÉNEZ-PÉREZ, Iván-Ilich MORALES-MANZO, Ana FITA, Adrián RODRÍGUEZ-BURRUEZO
Pages 86 to 98

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

JIMENEZ-PEREZ M., MORALES-MANZO I.I., FITA A., RODRIGUEZ-BURRUEZO A. 2022, MITIGATION OF DROUGHT STRESS IN Solanaceae VEGETABLES THROUGH SYMBIOSIS WITH PLANT GROWTH - PROMOTING BACTERIA AND ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI. A REVIEW. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 86-98.


USE OF A CALCIUM PARTICULATE AND FEEDING TIME ALONE OR IN COMBINATION WITH 25-HYDROXYHOLECALCIFEROL TO REDUCE FRACTURE SUSCEPTIBILITY IN LAYING HENS

Written by Lazarin LAZAROV, Michael TOSCANO
Pages 99 to 103

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

LAZAROV L., TOSCANO M. 2022, USE OF A CALCIUM PARTICULATE AND FEEDING TIME ALONE OR IN COMBINATION WITH 25-HYDROXYHOLECALCIFEROL TO REDUCE FRACTURE SUSCEPTIBILITY IN LAYING HENS. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 99-103.


WHEAT BIOLOGICAL YIELD VARIATION IN RELATION TO NITROGEN AND FOLIAR BIOSTIMULATOR TREATMENT

Written by Gabriela MACRA, Florin SALA
Pages 104 to 110

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

MACRA G., SALA F. 2022, WHEAT BIOLOGICAL YIELD VARIATION IN RELATION TO NITROGEN AND FOLIAR BIOSTIMULATOR TREATMENT. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 104-110.


THE USE OF CO-CULTIVATION OF AROMATIC, MEDICINAL PLANTS AND VEGETABLES IN SUSTAINABLE URBAN HORTICULTURE

Written by Kristina Ilectra MAKNEA, Adrian ASĂNICĂ, Claudia FABIAN, Adrian PETICILĂ, Julia Nerantzia TZORTZI, Dan POPESCU
Pages 111 to 120

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

MAKNEA K.I., ASANICA A., FABIAN C., PETICILA A., TZORTZI J.N., POPESCU D. 2022, THE USE OF CO-CULTIVATION OF AROMATIC, MEDICINAL PLANTS AND VEGETABLES IN SUSTAINABLE URBAN HORTICULTURE. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 111-120.


THE INFLUENCE OF LONG-TERM FERTILIZATION WITH NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS ON THE NPK CONTENT IN SOIL

Written by Nicoleta MĂRIN, Maria NEGRILĂ
Pages 121 to 128

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

MARIN N., NEGRILA M. 2022, THE INFLUENCE OF LONG-TERM FERTILIZATION WITH NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS ON THE NPK CONTENT IN SOIL. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 121-128.


ROW SPACING AND PLANT DENSITY EFFECTS AT CASTOR BEAN

Written by Cristina MELUCĂ, Rodica STURZU, Viorel ION
Pages 129 to 138

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

MELUCA C., STURZU R., ION V. 2022, ROW SPACING AND PLANT DENSITY EFFECTS AT CASTOR BEAN. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 129-138.


SOYBEAN YIELD AND QUALITY RESPONSE TO FOLIAR FERTILIZATION

Written by Adrian NEGREA, Raluca REZI, Camelia URDĂ, Luana PĂCURAR, Teodor RUSU
Pages 139 to 144

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

NEGREA A., REZI R., URDA C., PACURAR L., RUSU T. 2022, SOYBEAN YIELD AND QUALITY RESPONSE TO FOLIAR FERTILIZATION. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 139-144.


BOOSTING BIOMASS GAIN AND MEAT QUALITY OF RAINBOW TROUT Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) - AN APPROACH FOR FOSTERING ROMANIAN AQUACULTURE

Written by Magda NENCIU, Victor NIȚĂ, Carmen NICOLAE, Bilal AKBULUT
Pages 145 to 156

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

NENCIU M., NITA V., NICOLAE C., AKBULUT B. 2022, BOOSTING BIOMASS GAIN AND MEAT QUALITY OF RAINBOW TROUT Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) - AN APPROACH FOR FOSTERING ROMANIAN AQUACULTURE. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 145-156.


MICROPHAGIC ACTIVITY IN HENS WITH MAREK’S DISEASE

Written by Alexandra OPRESCU, Aurel VASIU, Carmen Dana ȘANDRU, Diana OLAH, Marina SPÎNU, Emoke PALL, Gheorghiță DUCA, Florina MARIAN, Sergiu ZĂBLĂU, Ioan Liviu MITREA
Pages 157 to 160

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

OPRESCU A., VASIU A., SANDRU C.D., OLAH D., SPINU M., PALL E., DUCA G., MARIAN F., ZABLAU S., MITREA I.L. 2022, MICROPHAGIC ACTIVITY IN HENS WITH MAREK’S DISEASE. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 157-160.


ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF MEIOBENTHIC FAUNA (OSTRACODA AND FORAMINIFERA) IN THE ROMANIAN BLACK SEA SHELF

Written by Ana Bianca PAVEL, Selma MENABIT, Naliana LUPAȘCU, Sylvain KREUTER
Pages 161 to 169

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

PAVEL A.B., MENABIT S., LUPASCU N., KREUTER S. 2022, ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF MEIOBENTHIC FAUNA (OSTRACODA AND FORAMINIFERA) IN THE ROMANIAN BLACK SEA SHELF. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 161-169.


POTASSIUM AND MAGNESIUM CONTENT IN MANDARIN ON MARKET OF CITY OF ZAGREB

Written by Marko PETEK, Morana REHAK, Tomislav KARAŽIJA, Antonio VIDUKA, Mile MARKOSKI, Szilvia VERES, Goran FRUK
Pages 170 to 175

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

PETEK M., REHAK M., KARAŽIJA T., VIDUKA A., MARKOSKI M., VERES S., FRUK G. 2022, POTASSIUM AND MAGNESIUM CONTENT IN MANDARIN ON MARKET OF CITY OF ZAGREB. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 170-175.


GEOGRAPHY OF CONSERVATION EX SITU OF RARE TAXA OF ANCIENT EXOTIC TREES Pinophyta IN UKRAINE

Written by Serhii POPOVYCH, Anzhela DZYBA
Pages 176 to 185

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

POPOVYCH S., DZYBA A. 2022, GEOGRAPHY OF CONSERVATION EX SITU OF RARE TAXA OF ANCIENT EXOTIC TREES Pinophyta IN UKRAINE. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 176-185.


POSSIBILITIES OF BREEDING SUB-MEDITERRANEAN GOATS FOR THE NEEDS OF AGRITOURISM - AN EXAMPLE OF INDIGENOUS CROATIAN GOAT BREEDS

Written by Zvonimir PRPIĆ, Željka MESIĆ, Nikolina ŠKREBLIN, Darija BENDELJA LJOLJIĆ, Nikolina KELAVA UGARKOVIĆ, Miljenko KONJAČIĆ
Pages 186 to 195

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

PRPIC Z., MESIC ?., ŠKREBLIN N., BENDELJA LJOLJIC D., KELAVA UGARKOVIC N., KONJACIC M. 2022, POSSIBILITIES OF BREEDING SUB-MEDITERRANEAN GOATS FOR THE NEEDS OF AGRITOURISM - AN EXAMPLE OF INDIGENOUS CROATIAN GOAT BREEDS. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 186-195.


IMPACT OF LOW-INPUT MANAGEMENT AND MICROBIAL BIOSTIMULANTS ON YIELDS OF TRADITIONAL PEPPER VARIETIES

Written by Alicia SÁNCHEZ-SÁNCHEZ, Virginia HERNÁNDEZ, Pilar HELLÍN, Marisa JIMÉNEZ-PÉREZ, Adrián RODRÍGUEZ-BURRUEZO, José FENOLL, Pilar FLORES
Pages 196 to 203

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

SANCHEZ-SANCHEZ A., HERNANDEZ V., HELLIN P., JIMENEZ-PEREZ M., RODRIGUEZ-BURRUEZO A., FENOLL J., FLORES P. 2022, IMPACT OF LOW-INPUT MANAGEMENT AND MICROBIAL BIOSTIMULANTS ON YIELDS OF TRADITIONAL PEPPER VARIETIES. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 196-203.


OPEN-SOURCE GIS FOR TERRITORIAL PLANNING - SOLAR MAP OF TIMIȘ COUNTY, ROMANIA

Written by Ovidiu Marcel SÎRBU, Clara-Beatrice VÎLCEANU, Anca Maria MOSCOVICI, Sorin HERBAN
Pages 204 to 210

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

SIRBU O.M., VILCEANU C.B., MOSCOVICI A.M., HERBAN S. 2022, OPEN-SOURCE GIS FOR TERRITORIAL PLANNING - SOLAR MAP OF TIMIȘ COUNTY, ROMANIA. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 204-210.


STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON THE POTENTIAL ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF SOME ESSENTIAL OILS OBTAINED FROM MEDICINAL PLANTS

Written by Cătălina STAN (TUDORA), Petru CARDEI, Adriana MUSCALU, Oana-Alina BOIU-SICUIA, Nicolae-Valentin VLĂDUŢ, Florentina ISRAEL-ROMING
Pages 211 to 220

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

STAN (TUDORA) C., CARDEI P., MUSCALU A., BOIU-SICUIA O.A., VLADUT N.V., ISRAEL-ROMING F. 2022, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON THE POTENTIAL ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF SOME ESSENTIAL OILS OBTAINED FROM MEDICINAL PLANTS. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 211-220.


EFFECT OF FERTILIZERS ON YIELD COMPONENT ATTRIBUTES, YIELD AND QUALITY IN SOYBEAN CROP

Written by Vasilena SUCIU, Teodor RUSU, Camelia URDĂ, Edward MUNTEAN, Raluca REZI, Adrian NEGREA, Alina ȘIMON, Nicolae TRITEAN
Pages 221 to 229

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

SUCIU V., RUSU T., URDA C., MUNTEAN E., REZI R., NEGREA A., SIMON A., TRITEAN N. 2022, EFFECT OF FERTILIZERS ON YIELD COMPONENT ATTRIBUTES, YIELD AND QUALITY IN SOYBEAN CROP. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 221-229.


EFFECTS OF LENTIL (Lens culinaris) SCREENING AS A REPLACEMENT FOR NOUG SEED CAKE (Guizotia abyssinica) ON THE DIETS OF GROWING FARTA LAMBS IN ETHIOPIA

Written by Desalegn TEFERA, Bimrew ASMARE, Netsanet BEYERO
Pages 230 to 240

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

TEFERA D., ASMARE B., BEYERO N. 2022, EFFECTS OF LENTIL (Lens culinaris) SCREENING AS A REPLACEMENT FOR NOUG SEED CAKE (Guizotia abyssinica) ON THE DIETS OF GROWING FARTA LAMBS IN ETHIOPIA. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 230-240.


IMPROVING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND FOOD SECURITY UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE CONDITIONS

Written by Oscar VICENTE
Pages 241 to 252

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

VICENTE O. 2022, IMPROVING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND FOOD SECURITY UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE CONDITIONS. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 241-252.


ASSESING THE OPORTUNITIES OF DELIVERING SUSTAINABLE DRAINAGE SYSTEMS IN ROMANIA

Written by Adela-Constanta VLADASEL (PASARESCU), Adriana-Magdalena PIENARU
Pages 253 to 258

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

VLADASEL (PASARESCU) A.C., PIENARU A.M. 2022, ASSESING THE OPORTUNITIES OF DELIVERING SUSTAINABLE DRAINAGE SYSTEMS IN ROMANIA. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 253-258.


IN VITRO CULTURE AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF Ocimum basilicum L. var. ʻSpicy globeʼ AND Artemisia eriantha Ten.

Written by Diana VOICU, Simona NEAGU, Anca-Ioana LUCACI, Roxana COJOC, Robert RUGINESCU, Mădălin ENACHE
Pages 259 to 264

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

VOICU D., NEAGU S., LUCACI A.I., COJOC R., RUGINESCU R., ENACHE M. 2022, IN VITRO CULTURE AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF Ocimum basilicum L. var. ʻSpicy globeʼ AND Artemisia eriantha Ten.. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 259-264.


Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1
Written by Adela-Constanta VLADASEL (PASARESCU), Adriana-Magdalena PIENARU

Rainfall and surface water runoff are valuable resources, and this should be reflected in the way it is managed and used in our cities and towns in Romania. It can provide beauty, enhance biodiversity, improve buildings, places, and spaces. Also, it helps making them more adaptive and resilient to climate change, which is one of the biggest challenges in the world. The SuDS philosophy is about maximising the benefits and minimising the negative impacts of surface water runoff from developed areas. Moreover, SuDS are designed to manage the flood and pollution risks resulting from urban runoff but also to contribute wherever possible to environmental enhancement and place making. With this in mind, the multi-functionality and multiple benefits of SuDS should always be considered. Going forward, in most of the towns and cities there are opportunities to better manage surface water - replacing the old systems that discharge rain and runoff to the drains and sewers with new ones which capture rain, manage surface water runoff, and deliver multiple benefits.

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Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1
Written by Magda NENCIU, Victor NIȚĂ, Carmen NICOLAE, Bilal AKBULUT

Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) is one of the most widely cultured fish species, with a high market value. Although in the Black Sea there is a well-established tradition of cage farming in Turkish waters, in Romania rainbow trout farming has been limited to inland mountain areas. Whereas there is an increasing interest of Romanian economic operators to engage in sea cage farming, this research aimed at testing the adaptation of rainbow trout to the Romanian Black Sea marine environment, determining its growth rate, establishing the optimal size for transfer to saltwater, and increasing meat quality. The research was performed for 7 months, during the cold season, and comprised two batches of O. mykiss individuals transferred to marine water from a mountain trout farm (with initial mean biomasses of approximately 300 g and 180 g, respectively). Upon completion of the experiment, growth parameters showed values much higher compared to freshwater culture, and the biomass gain was remarkable in both batches (reaching final biomasses of approximately 1,700 g and 1,600 g, respectively), the results indicating smaller fish as best fitted for transfer to marine water. The carotenoid-enriched feed provided to the fish resulted in a highly nutritious meat, with the much-appreciated pink colorization

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Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1
Written by Elena DELIAN, Elena SĂVULESCU, Liliana BĂDULESCU, Silvana Mihaela DĂNĂILĂ-GUIDEA, Luminița Monica BADEA

Light is one of the main factors that influences the greatest phenomenon of nature, namely photosynthesis. In modern society, excessive artificial light at night (ALAN) in the conditions of the urban environment can be considered as an external polluting factor as well. The purpose of this study carried out on Taxus baccata L. (1-year old leaves - PYL and the current year - CYL ones) grown as a hedge in urban conditions was to explore the effects of ALAN on leaves morphology, gas exchanges and associated indicators, as well as on assimilatory pigments content. The results showed that: (1) The leaves length (LL)(mm) of CYL, as well as surface area (cm2) and leaf length to width ratio (LL/LW) were significantly lower under ALAN, than in normal (day/night cycle) light (NL). For PYL, no significant differences were noticed in the case of LL, while significantly lower values have been registered in the case of LW and leaf area to leaf fresh weight (AFWR); (2) Net photosynthesis (A) had significantly higher values during the springtime for PYL in NL as against ALAN, but opposite data have been noticed in June. The quantum yield (φCO2), water use efficiency (WUE) as well as transpiration rate (T) and stomatal conductance (gs) proved to be affected by the light conditions. (3) The values for the content of chlorophyll a (Chl a), chlorophyll b (Chl b), total chlorophyll (TC) and carotenoids (C) were generally as that known for plants in general, with a higher amount of Chl a for PYL-ALAN, as compared to those for CYL-ALAN, or CYL-NL. Further research should be applied by the scientific community to monitor the impact of different light systems during the night and counteract the ALAN impact on plants and ecosystem.

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Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1
Written by Laura María V. GUTIÉRREZ PRIETO, Saliha KIRICI

Limited information is available on irrigation practices of black cumin. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different irrigation levels on seed yield, fixed oil content, and essential oil content and composition. The experiment was carried out for one crop season. The trial was arranged based on a randomized complete block design, with five treatments and four replications. Seed yield, fixed oil and essential oil contents were significantly affected by the different treatments. It can be concluded that supplying quantities of water below black cumin’s water requirement does not adversely affect its seed yield and oils content.

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Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1
Written by Vasilena SUCIU, Teodor RUSU, Camelia URDĂ, Edward MUNTEAN, Raluca REZI, Adrian NEGREA, Alina ȘIMON, Nicolae TRITEAN

The paper aimed to present the effects of different types of fertilizers on several soybean quantitative traits (plantheight, first pod height, number of pods per plant, number of grain per plant, grain yield per plant, 1000-grain weightand grain yield) and seeds’ composition (dry matter, protein content, ash content, oil content, total carbohydrates, totalflavonoids, total phenols and total carotenoids content). The experiment was conducted in 2019, in the experimentalfield of Soybean Breeding Laboratory from the Agricultural Research and Development Station Turda (ARDS Turda),and included 15 fertilization trials. An early maturing soybean variety (Caro TD) obtained at ARDS Turda was used forthe experiment. The results showed that increases in yield were obtained with various combinations of the commercialfertilizer. The application of N20P20K0 combined with seed treatment and foliar Bio-fertilizer with 80% amino acids,significantly increased the values for all quantitative traits and also grain yield, while with respect to seed compositionthe best ranked type of treatment was T7(ecological products).

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Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1
Written by Desalegn TEFERA, Bimrew ASMARE, Netsanet BEYERO

A study was performed with the objective to assess nutrient biological performance and assess economic feasibility of Farta lambs fed wheat straw (WS) as a basal feed and supplemented with lentil screening (LS) in replacement for noug seed cake (NSC). The experimental sheep were blocked into five based on their initial body weight and randomly assigned to treatment diets within each block. The experimental design used for this study was randomized complete block design (RCBD) with five replications. Result indicated %CP contents of experimental feeds were 26.13, 25.00 and 5.66 for lentil screening, NSC and WS, respectively. There was significant difference in WS DM intake (p<0.05) in all treatment groups. The supplement DM intake increased significantly (p<0.001) as lentil screening level increased from 0, 29.4, 55.4, 78.8, and 100% from (T1-T5), respectively. Total DM intake was significantly different (p<0.01) among all treatment groups but CP intake was not significantly different among treatments (p>0.05). Average daily body weight gain (ADG) and feed conversion efficiency (FCE) were significantly different (p<0.01) among treatment groups. Among treatment groups, T5 had higher (p<0.01) daily body weight gain (76.44 g/d) as compared to T4 (72.1 g/d), T3 (69.8 g/d), T2 (62.89 g/d), T1 (58.28 g/d). T5 returned a higher net income (110.94 Ethiopian Birr (EB)/sheep) as compared to the other treatment groups. From biological performance and economic return T5 could be recommended as an alternative supplement for growing Farta sheep both in biological performance and better economic gain.

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Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1
Written by Elma HRUSTEMOVIĆ, Faruk ČAKLOVICA, Jasmina ĐEĐIBEGOVIĆ

C. jejuni and C. coli have the greatest zoonotic potential. In humans, they cause campylobacteriosis with symptoms of food poisoning. Epidemics are mostly related to the consumption of non-chlorinated water and contaminated chicken food and in the spring-summer season. Since 2005, according to the European Food Safety Agency and the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control, campylobacteriosis has been considered the leading alimentary intoxication. A review of the literature was published in Medline, PubMed, Google Scholar, electronically available scientific journals, books, textbooks, proceedings books and reports EFSA/ ECDC, FAO/ WHO. Only literature in English, Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian is included. As a measure to prevent campylobacteriosis, sanitation is recommended in the primary production of chicken meat, and the use of probiotics in meat as biological preservatives is being investigated

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Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 11, Number 1
Written by Serhii POPOVYCH, Anzhela DZYBA

In the article was analyzed the representativeness of rare taxa of protected ancient exotic tree species Pinophyta in physiographical zones and mountainous countries of Ukraine. Sixtyone species, one subspecies, and one plant variety of this genus were identified in the nature reserves of Ukraine. Among these, most species were found in forest-steppe zone (32), Mountainous Crimea zone (31), and deciduous forest zone (22) suggesting that these three regions could potentially be most favorable for the introduction and acclimatization of foreign Pinophyta species. In ecologicalstructure of the region, dominant are taxa of the mesophytes ecological group, containing frost and winter resistant tree species. Within the geographic range, predominant are native plant species of circumboreal and Atlantic - Pacific Northwest (total of 27 species), Madrean (12) and Western-Asian (11) floristic zones. All 63 taxa are on the IUCN RedList (LC-42, VU-4, NT-7, EN-9, and CR-1 categories). At the same time, Abies nordmanniana (Steve) Spach. subspес. equi-trojani (Asch. & Sint.) Code & Cull. (R) and Abies pinsapo Boiss. (VU) are on the European Red List. These two species together with Abies numidica (CR) represent the rarest taxa among the century-old exotic Pinophyta trees in Ukraine.

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