PRINT ISSN 2285-5718, CD-ROM ISSN 2285-5726, ISSN ONLINE 2286-0126, ISSN-L 2285-5718


Published in AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 6, Number 2
Written by Niculae DINCĂ, Daniel DUNEA

This paper presents the individual and combined effects of inoculation and nitrogen (N)/molybdenum (Mo) fertilization (8 treatments) on the biological efficiency of red clover in controlled conditions. The rationale of the study was to establish the influence of Mo on the biological efficiency of red clover in the presence or the absence of N fertilization and inoculation of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar. trifolii, and whether the results can lead to the improvement of classical crop technologies and the fertilization plan for obtaining superior forage yields. The effects of the treatments were evaluated using 5 replicatesbased on the average height, the dry weight, the density and the number of nodules on the roots of the red clover plants. Diploid cultivar Violettawas seeded in vegetation pots with the same amount of seeds and maintained 60 days in controlled conditions of a growth chamber. In the inoculation variants (5-8), the seeds were bacterized with R. trifolii-treated strains using the Nitragin® product (B type) using 7.5 g Nitragin/kg clover seed, dissolved in about 25 mL cold water. After pre-homogenization of the seed in the resulting solution, it was sown with the same quantity in all the repetitions of the variants. The bacterial solution contains at least 100 million viable cells g-1 of R. trifolii. Nitric fertilization was done with ammonium nitrate (34.5% N) supplied prior to sowing in an equivalent dose of 100 kg N ha-1. Molybdenum (0.02 Mo) was supplied using a uniform foliar spraying with three applications. Descending ranking and multiple comparisons (Duncan test) of treatments were performed. The seed inoculation, without nitrogen fertilization provided relatively equivalent biomass yieldsto fertilized variants. Foliar fertilization with molybdenum did not determine higher dry weight amounts, but when combined with nitrogen established significant amounts of dry matter per plant. From the yield formation point of view, the variants in which a large number of nodules were formed did not correlate positively with dry matter accumulation; however, they can have a particular importance in improving the reserves of assimilable nitrogen available in the soil.

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